Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Malawi and Tobacco Essay - 2018 Words

Malawi and Tobacco What strategies can Malawi use to overcome problems relating to a change in demand of its main export, tobacco. QUESTION- what strategies can Malawi use to overcome problems relating to a change in demand of its main export, tobacco? Malawi, a LEDC, located in Southern Africa, has a population of 10 million. Tobacco is its main export and this provides the majority of the countries export revenues. It has become dependant on exporting tobacco to firms based in MEDCs such as the United States. Demand for cigarettes has recently decreased because of health and ethical reasons. Cigarettes, has reached the end on its product lifecycle. However South East Asia remains a growing market, because of the†¦show more content†¦It has external debts of  £2.3bn and this is a huge factor in preventing internal development through investment. Although the country is rich in natural resources, such as, limestone, uranium, coal and bauxite, these potential high value commodity products are unexploited. Capital intensive investment would be required to use them and this is not available from within the country. The economy is predominately agricultural with 90% of the population located in rural areas. Presently agriculture, including tobacco-farming accounts for 37% of GDP and 85% of export revenues. Malawi not only depends on tobacco to survive The World Bank and IMF provides large sums on capital, creating debts that cannot be paid for. To change the countries economic position, in the long-term the government will have to solve short-term humanitarian problems, to make the country attractive to investors for example FDIs. Basic needs are not being met; Malawi has a HIV epidemic, a life expectancy of 36 years and an extremely poor standard of living (54% below the poverty line). Environmental issues include, deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural run off, sewage, industrial wastes and the situation of spawning grounds endanger fish population. The current food shortage will affect up to 70% of the population. Up to 3.2 million of these will need food aid to avoid starvation. FloodsShow MoreRelatedMalawi : A And Fascinating Land Rich1631 Words   |  7 PagesMaybelle de Herget Per 7 World Today Malawi Though Malawi is small, don’t be fooled by its size. It is a majestic and fascinating land rich in ancient history and myths and tales about spiritual beings and much more. Malawi is one of Africa s most beautiful countries with Lake Malawi, breathtaking landscapes, wildlife, and culture that goes as far back as B.C 8000. The name Malawi comes from the word Maravi of which this region used to part of. 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The city is more lucrative for real estate investment due to its growing economy and population growth trends. Finance, banking, retail trade, construction, transport, public administration, tourism, and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in Lilongwe that draws

Affect of Technology in Music Industry free essay sample

The music Industry has come a long way since those dreadful days of the mono recordings. Back then. Artists, producers, and engineers didnt have as much of a choice of what equipment that would use to get their recordings done. With the advancement in technology and new innovations constantly being created in the music industry, the opportunities are endless. If you look up the definition of technology you will see the words Industry and commerce, which to me Just means growth and development. Technology has and will continue to influence growth and development in the music industry. With the growth of technology, the technical end of producing and engineering has become somewhat a quicker task. For example, the Introduction of system real time messages synchronized drum machines, sequences and other rhythmic devices. System real time messages are dropped into the data stream as required, and have priority over other messages in order to mainstream synchronization at all times. In other advances in technology has allowed these devices to operate with timing clocks so everything does not have to be done completely be hand anymore. As music production and recording systems become more complex and sophisticated, the deed for intuitive, easy to use controls over then became essential if they are to be used effectively. Technology has made music systems become more and more sophisticated, so the tasks involved in the successful control of these systems has become increasingly complex. Technology has also brought about a new language to go with the systems we use in the industry today. So even if you have knowledge in some of the systems but can not comprehend the language, youre only half way there.Technology has not only brought about new systems on which we make music but a whole language to go with it. There is enough terminology that goes with the applications to fill a small dictionary. In general, a common language is needed if all aspects of audio production are to be understood at all. These Innovations are like the deference between telling time with a digital and analog watch-4 When speaking about technology and its influence on the music industry, there is more than just the artistry aspect of it. Theres the business aspect which influences how you can sell the music or the ways people can obtain the music.For example, technology has made It possible to sell music over the Internet. Who would have ever Hough that a consumer could purchase their favorite single right from the comfort of their own home? With new innovations like tunes and anapest, you can download songs from any computer that has internet access. Not to mention The ring tone trends that are going on, Platinum artist are also selling 1,000,000 ring tones off Just one song in some situations. Todays music industry is powered by sophisticated technology. Not only do we have the radio stations, but now we also have satellite radio.Its called XML radio. XML radio has an pod Like recording functionality but it is pretty limited. Yes It can store p to 50 hours of music, but the service Is subscription based. If you end your subscription, your music disappears. These songs are stored in a proprietary format, 1 OFF XML radio because it has a record feature. 5 Technology is changing the way people acquire there favorite songs. In other words CD sells are down these days, but that doesnt mean people arent still buying the music. Technology has made it possible to download your music.At first, downloads were available for free and some sites still are. Still in all, sales for digital downloads are expected to expand significantly over the next years. They are expected to expand from 22 million in 2001 to 1. 6 billion in 2006. Most online music sales will come from subscription services which are expected to increase from 56 million in 2001 to 2. 3 billion in 2006. (New media music, 2001)6 As technology keeps developing the times are changing. Everyone use to go buy there favorite CD and play it in their walkway.Now everyone downloads there favorite songs onto their MPH player and play what may seem like endless hours of the songs of their choice. MPH technology has played a key role in radically changing the music industry and has become somewhat the standard amongst online fans. Global music sales are currently around 37 billion in the US. However, there are indications that physical music sales- mainly compact discs, cassettes and vinyl have reached a state of saturation. 6 Thats not to say the market is saturated because by all means its not. Most music is currently being distributed by means of compact discs.For example, the National Association of Recording Merchandisers (1999) reported that 91 percent of all revenues received by music retailers derive from sales of Cads. 6 One thing that is attracting consumers to download is the fact that the laity of the songs does not deteriorate during the download process. The development of digital music has changed the music industry to the point that downloading has made its way to the center of the music industry. New innovations like the MPH have put music in the reach of those with computers. The MPH allows the transfer of close to CD quality sound music files over the internet.MPH was developed by the Motions Pictures Expert Group(MPEG) of the International Standards Organization (SO). The MPH wasnt even developed even developed for musical purposes. It was actually developed for the development of he interactive television industry. 6 But regardless of why the MPH was created, the technology it has shown has been a major influence on how and why the music industry is changing. We already know there has been a great change over the last few years, the question is do these changes make for a better or worse music industry.MPH has somehow become the standard of obtaining music among internet surfing fans. 5 1 personally think these new innovations have made for a better music industry. I am an artist and as an artist it is my Job to please my fan base. So therefore, it is the artists Job to cater to the consumers. The primary focus of online music is Just one particular song instead of a whole album. In previous years the music industry forced consumers to buy whole albums when they may have actually only wanted a few songs off those albums. With these new innovations consumers can pick and chose the songs that most appeal to their liking.New advances in technology have allowed consumers the potential delivery of music to multiple points, such as to a car, different rooms in a home, or to a mobile telephone. 6 The Pew Internet American Life Project estimates that 56 percent of 30 million) have internet access (Rainier bad Packed, 2001). One estimate puts copyright infringement of music on the Internet in excess of $10 billion (Mage,2000). 5 These days the music industry is starting to get very concerned about the detrimental impact on revenues that this ostensible copyright infringement The capability to create an unlimited represents.As one commentator states: number of perfect copies increases the Likelihood that [illegal copying] will only increase, thereby diverting revenue from sales of authorized copies from those who own the copyrights. This change in the music industry can still be very lucrative for the major labels if they adapt to the new business models. All they have to do is offer the same benefits to the consumers. But they have to able to add more value for the consumers than the providers of free music can offer the consumers. This shouldnt be much of task seeing as how in most situations the major labels own the copyrights of their artists. The evolution of the internet has allowed the music industry to explore new business models. For example major labels can sell music through the Internets increasing common links to mobile telephones and computing devices. Further developments for the downloaded music industry include broadband technology hat permits faster downloading and the integration of Internet technology into mobile devices(Gerbera,2000). Jupiter Media Metric (2000) estimates that in the United States, 8 million households currently have broadband access on their personal computers(cited in Mage,2000). Forecasters said that by 2003 the market penetration had increased to 15 million users. 6 The increased broadband access has provided greater opportunity for mobile devices to deliver music to the consumers. Another reason this technology is big for the music industry is its increasing the combining of computers and telecommunications. A consumer can now download and listen to 10 hours of music of his/her mobile phone.These mobile devices have made it possible to listen to downloaded music anywhere. This is a big influence on the music industry because these mobile devices are more widespread and used more often than computers. May and Springer propose that soon not Just your PC but also your home and car radios systems and your walkway will be able to access the net. This is big because consumers would be able to have access to their favorite music anywhere they wanted it. New technology like palm pilots can already access o the internet and can play Amps.Like I stated earlier the music industry has come a long way and is still climbing. Technology has and will continue to influence growth and development in the music industry. Yeah, the availability of free music can still be a threat to the music industry in developing profitable and competitive business plans. But overall its up to the major labels to take this situation back into their own hands. This new technology is big business. Its influence on the music industry can have a more positive effect than negative one if the major labels find a way to appeal more to the listeners.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Julius Ceaser Essay Brutus Character Analysis Marcus Brutus Essays

Julius Ceaser Essay: Brutus Character Analysis Marcus Brutus Julius Ceaser Essay: Brutus Character Analysis Marcus Brutus William Shakespeare's play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, is mainly based on the assassination of Julius Caesar. The character who was in charge of the assassination was, ironically, Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Julius Caesar. But what would cause a person to kill a close friend? After examining Brutus' relationship to Caesar, his involvement in the conspiracy, and his importance to the plot, the truth can be revealed. Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Caesar, has a strong relationship with Caesar but a stronger relationship with Rome and its people. Brutus is very close to Caesar. In Roman times, the only way for someone to get close to a person of high rank is if he/she is close to him/her. In many points of the play, Brutus was talking and next to Caesar. Brutus also loves Caesar but fears his power. In the early acts of the play, Brutus says to Cassius, "What means this shouting? I do fear the people do choose Caesar for their king...yet I love him well."(act 1, scene 2, ll.85-89), as he is speaking to Cassius. Brutus loves Caesar, but would not allow him to "climber-upward...He then unto the ladder turns his back..."(act 2, scene 1, ll.24,26). As the quote says, Brutus would not allow Caesar to rise to power and then turn his back onto the people of Rome. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Brutus talks to Antony about Caesar's death. "Our hearts you see not; they are pitiful; and pity to the general wrong of Rome..."(act 3, scene 1, ll.185-186). Brutus says that Antony cannot see their(members of the conspiracy) hearts, which are full of pity. Again, this shows how Brutus loved Caesar but cared for the life of Rome and its people more. This is the only reason Brutus would conspire against Caesar. For Brutus says to himself, "I know no personal cause to spurn at him...How that might change his nature..."(act 2, scene1, ll. 1,13) Caesar's relationship with Brutus is also strong. Just allowing Brutus to speak to Caesar shows his respect for Brutus. Caesar feels that Brutus is noble to him and does the right thing regardless of personal danger. On the Ides of March, as Caesar was assassinated, Caesar's last line is: "Et tu, Brute?--Then fall, Caesar."(act 3, scene 1, l.85). This shows that Caesar would not die without Brutus' stab. Caesar realizes that there must be a noble reason for this assassination if Brutus was in it. This again shows how much Caesar respects Brutus. Brutus and Caesar both respect each other, but in different ways. Marcus Brutus had a very important role in the conspiracy against Caesar. He was the "back-bone" of the plan. According to Cassius, Brutus' main purpose in the conspiracy is for an insurance policy. The people will think, since Brutus is noble to Caesar, that there is a good reason for Caesar's assassination. Brutus will also be the leader of the conspiracy for another "insurance policy" for the assassination. Cassius is the one who declares this, "Brutus shall lead the way, and we will grace his heels with the most boldest and best hearts of Rome. "(act 3, scene 1, ll.135-136). Again, if Brutus leads the way, the people will think that the death of Julius Caesar wasn't such a bad thing. Brutus also declares to himself that his role in the conspiracy is to save Rome. He says to the people that, "If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more."(Act 3,scene 2,ll.21-24). If Brutus was not in the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the conspiracy would probably not have worked. Since Brutus "...loved Rome more."(Act 3,scene2, ll.23-24), he decided to be a part of the conspiracy. If he hadn't loved Rome more than Caesar, he would not have joined in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Cassius and the rest of the conspirators would probably not have continued on without Brutus because they would have no "insurance" afterwards. The people would think that there was no reason for Caesar's death and most likely beheaded all the conspirators. Also, if Brutus was not in the play, the whole end of the play would not ever occur. Brutus would not be there to have an army or kill himself, and Cassius will already be beheaded. If Brutus was not in the play, the title would have absolutely no

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Power of Ambition in Macbeth Essay Example

Power of Ambition in Macbeth Essay Example Power of Ambition in Macbeth Paper Power of Ambition in Macbeth Paper Essay Topic: We Real Cool The Power of Macbeth Ambitio Essay The Power of Macbeth Ambition is often the driving force in one’s life. It is supposed to be the motivating factor that drives one towards success. Society also deems ambition a necessary quality of their leader. It can be said that Macbeth exhibits this quality. He is the strong, valiant warrior who has won in battle and brought victory to Scotland. However, Macbeth’s quest to acquire more power his ambition ultimately leads to his downfall. How can one allow himself to be destroyed by such a thing? Before Duncan’s murder, Macbeth questions and second guesses his ambitious tendencies and actions. Despite his anxiety, he succumbs to these tendencies and finds himself in more trouble than he anticipated. His guilty conscience haunts him and his unforgiving deeds come back to trouble him. Macbeths’ actions are clearly motivated by his overpowering ambition and his unquenchable thirst for power; at the beginning of the play his ambition is channelled into positive deeds, but ultimately it results in his tragic demise. There is no doubt that Macbeth is a noble man. He risked everything he had to protect Scotland from Norway, and single-handedly took down the treacherous Thane of Cawdor: â€Å"Till that Bellona’s bridegroom, lapped in proof, / Confronted him with self-comparisons, / Point against point, rebellious arm ‘gainst arm, / Curbing his lavish spirit: and, to conclude, / The victory fell on us† (I, ii, ll 61-65). Macbeth is seen as a brave and noble man by all of his peers, and even King Duncan himself. At the beginning of the play, Macbeths’ ambition was for a greater good because he was fighting for his King and country, not his own well-fare. This is why Duncan proclaims, â€Å"What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won† (I, ii, l 67). By this, he is referring to the fact that he named Macbeth to be Thane of Cawdor because of his astonishing bravery in battle and unfailing loyalty. One would think that after such an accomplishment and position of high standing that Macbeth would be satisfied. This, however, is not the case. Macbeth’s ambition does not just drive him to do great things, it in fact controls him: â€Å"I have no spur / To prick the sides of my intent, but only / Vaulting ambition, which overleaps itself / And falls on the other† (I, vii, ll 25-28). It is obvious that Macbeth has ambition, as most people who are in power do. In fact, ambition is often a necessary quality of people in such high standing as Macbeth. However, he also clearly realizes that his ambition is too great and it is about to make him do something that he knows is wrong. It is against for which everything he has supposedly stood, yet he also knows there is nothing he can do to stop it. Macbeth does, however, try to refrain from murdering Duncan; he second guesses his intent to go through with the crime before committing it: â€Å"We will proceed no further in this business. He hath honoured me of late, and I have bought / Golden opinions from all sorts of people† (I, vii, ll 33-35). He realizes that maybe he is just better off in the position he is in right now. Maybe he should wait and acquire his higher standing in a noble way or he might not have to do anything and fate will grant him the throne without his interference. However, Lady Macbeth goads him into committing the murder anyway by questioning his manhood: â€Å"When you durst do it, then you were a man, / And, to be more than what you were, you would / Be so much more the man. Nor time nor place / Did then adhere, and yet you would make both. / They have made themselves, and that their fitness now / Does unmake you† (I, vii, ll 54-59). After the murder, one can see a clear shift in Macbeth. To drown his shameful acts of unforgivable treachery, Macbeth takes the path of dishonesty and fabricated deception. It is as if his killing of one man opened the flood gates for a litany of other murders he felt he needed to commit; his ordering the murders of Banquo and his son Fleance, who were once dear to him, and those of Lady Macduff and her son. It is as if his ambition is blinding him of his wrong-doings. One can look at Macbeth’s actions after his murder of Duncan and see that he is clearly headed on a path leading to tragedy, originated from one source: his ambition. Furthermore, it is fair to say that Macbeth’s actions in the latter parts of the play stem from a sort of madness that has consumed him. It is a madness that has grown from guilt over killing Duncan, to paranoia of getting caught, and most importantly, a constant need to protect what he has wrongfully acquired: the throne. Macbeth’s actions are a result of his ambition to gain power and then maintain it by doing whatever he deems necessary. His actions are unmistakably driven by the fact that he wants to keep his place on the throne at any cost and eliminate all threats to him: â€Å"To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done! / The castle of Macduff I will surprise, / Seize upon Fife, give to the edge of the sword / His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls / That trace him in his line. No boasting like a fool! / This deed I’ll do before this purpose cool† (IV, i, ll 165-170). Instead of being remorseful over his actions, he is much more worried that he himself will be retaliated against because of his dishonest deeds. This is obviously not the thought process of a noble mind, which clearly indicates that due to his consuming ambition Macbeth has lost, to some extent, his sanity. Thus, through his actions alone, one can evidently see that Macbeth is headed on a path towards disaster; a path started, and forcefully driven, by his ambition. His ambition drives him to kill Duncan so that he can acquire the throne. His ambition then drives him to order the murders of Banquo and Fleance, and also those of the innocent Lady Macduff and her son, so that he may remove any threats towards him. Through that process alone, one could say that Macbeth’s ambition is his downfall because these are the events that lead to his alienation from the rest of humanity. However, even more disastrous than the external consequences of his ambition are his internal consequences. Macbeth’s ambition is constantly putting him in a struggle between right and wrong. He finally loses this battle, and succumbs to the evil side of his ambition. Being the successful, proud, and noble warrior that he is, maybe this loss of what is good inside of him is truly the root of Macbeth’s insanity. One will never know, but it can be said that Macbeth’s ambition, whether through his actions or through his own internal aberration, did ultimately lead to his demise.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Improving Life in the United State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Improving Life in the United State - Essay Example Some of the activists of health eating are advocating that most people become vegetarians. Research has shown that vegetables have very low or zero cholesterol and to help in better performance of the body metabolism compared to animal food products. Thus, the assumption is most vegetarians’ value and care for the environment. Moreover, to improve life in America, every person must stand out to avoid the life threatening events like unhealthy living and global warming. Corliss compares people reason for eating meat on a daily basis to reason a person can give for smoking cigarette (Web). The consumption of beef in America is on the increase. Consequently, most Americans do not comprehensively understand the enormous side effects of beef consumption. Most Americans may not understand well the term vegetarian because many people in America thinks a vegetarian is a person who consumes vegetables more often as side dish. Although, vegetarianism is health friendly to be a person, the practices of the habits come with complexities and challenges. Therefore, most people may fall back to the old habit because most people are flirty vegetarian. Corliss states that a true vegetarian view beef as â€Å"not just the additives and ailments connected with the consumption of beef, though a dish of hormones, Eichhornia coli bacteria or the scary specter of mad-cow disease† (Web). Thus, this can be enough reason to not bounce back to beef consumption habit. Therefore, an attitude of a person towards food causes some people to overlook the value of the product to their body or the harm of the product cause to their health. To improve the life of the Americans, change of attitude towards vegetables is what the American people need to embrace. Healthy eating lifestyle can be one of the best ways to conquer most lifestyle diseases. Thus, eating local foods

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

The Darwinian Principles of Adaptation and Natural Selection Research Paper

The Darwinian Principles of Adaptation and Natural Selection - Research Paper Example The computer Industry has experienced an extraordinary dynamic rate of change. Some of the mighty pioneers of the industry such as IBM and newcomers like Compaq have suffered through their failure to keep up with drastic technology and market change. However, in 1990 Hewlett Packard has changed tack. It has recognized and even anticipated profound changes in the distribution channels through which competitors sell. Hewlett Packard used to sell around a dozen state-of-art measuring devices each month to highly sophisticated specialists. Now it controls the largest market share in LaserJet and distributes to mail order workhouse allover the world. It has become an adaptive Paragon. Social changes reflect in terms of people’s aspirations, needs, and way of working. Social changes have taken place because of the several forces like the level of education, urbanization, feeling of autonomy and international impact due to new information sources. These social changes affect the beha viour of people in the organization. Political and legal factors broadly define the activities, which an organisation can undertake, and the methods, which will follow by it, is accomplishing those activities. Any change in these Political and legal factors may affect the organizational operation. While assessing change forces, in a group process, there are some forces favouring and some opposing to maintain equilibrium. He assumes that in any situation there are both driving and retaining forces which influence any change that may occur. Action for change comprises three stages unfreezing, changing, and refreezing.